中國大陸醫學圖書情報教育之改革與發展

序號 3
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2004
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.8 No.2
作者 王偉;王麗偉
作者任職單位 吉林大學公共衛生學院醫藥資訊學系
摘要

1962年起,中國大陸陸續開展了有組織的、有一定規模的對醫學圖書館員進行專業教育和培訓工作。1985年,經中華人民共和國教育部和衛生部批准,在白求恩醫科大學(長春)設立圖書情報(醫學、藥學)專業,開始正規本科教育,學制5年。隨後,又在同濟醫科大學(武漢)、湖南醫科大學(長沙)和中國醫科大學(瀋陽)設立同類專業。1993年,該專業易名為「資訊學(醫學、藥學)」,1998年又易名為「資訊管理與資訊系統專業(醫藥資訊專業方向)」。培養目標從以培養醫學圖書館員為目的的單一模式逐漸轉變為以培養各類醫藥資訊管理人才為宗旨的寬口徑、多層次的教育模式。課程設置由思想文化課程模組(7.1%)、自然科學課程模組(27.7%)、身心素質課程模組(3.25%)和專業課程模組(61.95%)組成。在專業課程模組中,系統學習醫藥學課程(40.59%)和資訊管理課程(21.36%)。2000年教育體制改革後,醫學院校與綜合性大學合併,醫學圖書情報教育又面臨新的發展機遇和挑戰。

關鍵字 教育醫學圖書館學醫學諮詢學
頁碼 31-44
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DOI
Review
Title Reformation and Development of Educational System of Medical Library and Information Science in P.R.China
Author Wei Wang; Li-Wei Wang
Author's title Department of Medical and Pharmaceutical Informatics, School of Public Health, Jilin University
Abstract

Since 1962, China has developed and organized professional education and training on a certain scale for medical librarians. In 1985, approved by the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health, library and information science (medical pharmaceutical) was set up in the Norman Bethune University of Medical Sciences (Changchun) as a regular 5-year undergraduate specialty. Subsequently, a similar specialty was set up in Tongji Medical University (Wuhan), Hunan Medical University (Changsha) and Chinese Medical University (Shenyang). This specialty was renamed “informatics (medical, pharmaceutical)” in 1993 and “information management and information system specialty (medical informatics specialty direction) ” in 1998. And its training objective transformed gradually from the single mode of training medical librarians to the broad-based and multi-level education mode training talents in medical information management. Curricula includes ideological course module (7.1%), natural science course module (27.7%), body and mind quality course module (3.25%), and professional course module (61.95%) in which medical courses (40.59%) and information management courses (21.36%) focused on systematically. Education of medial library and information science faces new development opportunities and challenges since medical universities and comprehensive universities merged after the education system reform in 2000.

Keywords EducationMedical informaticsMedical librarianship
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