大學圖書館電子資源館藏發展之研究

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 1999
出版月份 4月
卷期 Vol.3 No.2
作者 吳明德
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系教授兼圖書館館長
摘要

電子資源及網路越來越普及,越來越多的資料可以透過網路取得,再加上圖書館經費的縮減,以「取得」(access)代替「收藏」(ownership)的館藏觀念也不斷地被提起,爭論亦是不少。有些人認為未來會有許多的資源是以電子形式呈現,紙本將會漸被取代,許多資料將會是「依需求」出版。所以圖書館重視收藏的觀念應該改變,圖書館只要能在讀者需要時設法取得即可。目前我國大學圖書館雖然積極推廣電子資源的利用,但似乎缺乏適當的館藏發展政策,也似乎未能站在讀者的角度來規劃電子資源的蒐藏與利用。本研究利用問卷調查探討圖書館員及大學教師對於圖書館提供電子資源的看法,比較圖書館員與大學教師對於圖書館應收藏何種電子資源的看法,以及分析比較圖書館員與大學教師對於「取得」與「收藏」二種館藏觀念的看法。研究結果顯示,圖書館員及大學教師都重視電子資源的重要性,資料類型是選擇電子資源的重要考慮因素,但大學教師與圖書館員對館藏量與取得的看法有顯著的差異。另外,大學教師與圖書館員對電子資源「取得」和「收藏」的優缺點看法大致相同,但對電子資源收費使用的看法則有差異。

關鍵字 取得大學圖書館收藏電子資源館藏發展
頁碼 4-28
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DOI
Review
Title A Study of Collection Development of Electronic Resources in Academic Libraries
Author Ming-der Wu
Author's title Professor & Director, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

Electronic resources are very popular nowadays and many materials can be obtained via Internet. Facing the challenge of budget shrinkage, there are many discussion among librarians on the issue that whether access should replace ownership in developing library collections. Some librarians argue that electronic resources will substitute the print materials, and many materials will be published on demand. Therefore, the concept of ownership should be abandoned and it is the library's responsibility to help users to access to the materials when they need. University libraries in Taiwan are taking all efforts to promote the use of electronic resources. There are few appropriate collection development policies for electronic resources and the acquisition are not based on the investigations and the comparisions of the viewpoints of university professors and university librarians as to the uses of electronic resources as well as the concept of access and ownership. The result indicates that both professors and librarians agree that electronic resources are important for teaching and research. The type of material is an important factor when to decide whether electronic format or printed format should be acquired. There are significant differences between professors and librarians about the concept of ownership and quantity of library holdings. Their thoughts concerning the strength and weakness of access and ownership are very similar. However, they do not share the same viewpoints about the fee-based service of electronic resources.

Keywords AccessCollection developmentElectronic resourcesOwnershipUniversity libraries
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DOI