運用書目計量學分析兩岸三地創新系統的知識生產、流動與擴散:以資料探勘領域為例

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2008
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.12 No.1
作者 黃元鶴
作者任職單位 輔仁大學圖書資訊學系副教授
摘要

企業與其他機構和組織的互動是創新系統中重要的一環,組織間技術與資訊的交流有助於創新的產生,亦是影響產業發展的重要指標。而專利與學術文獻的書目計量學分析可顯現知識的分享與擴散情況,提供有限度的創新系統的績效指標,以觀察創新系統的發展活動概況。因此,本研究運用書目計量學的方法論由創新系統的觀點來看兩岸三地知識的散佈情況,並著重在知識生產及知識流動等方面來探討其相關的活動。實證資料的研究則收集資料探勘的學術文獻進行分析。研究結果顯示:知識生產力是香港地區的大學整體表現較佳,由機構間的合作網絡關係圖呈現主要是來自學術機構與研究單位間的合作,少數來自產業界的機構的知識合作。此外,中國的跨國知識交流活動較頻繁。

關鍵字 創新系統引用文獻分析書目計量學知識擴散知識生產力
頁碼 72-95
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DOI
Review
Title Using Bibliometrics to Analyze Knowledge Production, Flow and Diffusion in the Innovation Systems of Taiwan, Hong Kong and China: An Empirical Study on Data Mining
Author Yuan-Ho Huang
Author's title Associate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Fu Jen Catholic University
Abstract

Interaction among enterprises and other organizations is essential to innovation systems, where the flow of technology and information can facilitate the generation of innovation and influence industry development. Bibliometric analyses of patent documents and academic publications can reveal the extent of knowledge sharing and diffusion, serving as a narrow performance indicator of innovation systems that also points to their overall development. Therefore, this study used bibliometrics to analyze knowledge production and flow in Taiwan, Hong Kong and China from the perspective of innovation systems, targeting the field of data mining with an empirical study. The results show that Hong Kong universities perform better in knowledge production. From the pattern of collaboration network, it is clear that collaborations happen more between universities and research institutes than between industrial organizations. Furthermore, the frequency of international collaboration in China shows there to be prominent knowledge flow in that innovation system.

Keywords Bibliometricscitation analysisInnovation systemKnowledge diffusionKnowledge production
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