Vol.20 No.1

Vol.20 No.1

20-1封面與版權頁

年份: 
2016
卷期: 
Vol.20 No.1

我國在五大世界大學評比系統表現之研究

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 邵婉卿,林明佳,陳昀萱
作者任職單位 國家教育研究院圖書館助理研究員;國家教育研究院課程及教學研究中心助理研究員;國家教育研究院編譯發展中心助理研究員
摘要

本研究整理並分析我國大學在五大世界大學評比系統中的評比表現,評比數據分別來自上海交大世界大學學術評比、英國泰晤士高等教育世界大學評比、QS世界大學評比、國立臺灣大學世界大學科研論文質量評比,以及美國新聞全球最佳大學評比。臺灣前四名大學的評比結果大致一致,第一名為國立臺灣大學、第二名為國立清華大學、第三名為國立成功大學、第四名為國立交通大學。各評比雖非全然客觀公正或反映大學任務所應包含的面向,仍可做為了解我國大學在世界大學中相對位置的參考,以及根據評比指標作為圖書館提供資源服務的參考方向。

關鍵字 QS 世界大學評比上海交大世界大學學術評比世界大學評比與世界聲譽評比-Times 英國泰晤士報國立臺灣大學世界大學科研論文質量評比美國新聞全球最佳大學評比
頁碼 113-139
全文 全文下載 (512)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.06
Review
Title A Study on the Five Worldwide Rankings of Higher Education in Taiwan
Author Wang-Ching Shaw, Ming-Chia Lin, Yun-Shiuan Chen
Author's title Assistant Research Fellow, National Academy for Educational Research Library; Assistant Research Fellow, Research Center for Curriculum and Instruction, National Academy for Educational Research; Assistant Research Fellow, Center for Compilation and Translation Development, National Academy for Educational Research
Abstract

The study described and analyzed the performances of universities in Taiwan in five systems of university rankings, including Academic Ranking of World Universities, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, National Taiwan University Ranking, QS World University Rankings and U.S. News Best Global Universities Rankings. The top four universities in Taiwan generally have consistent rankings across these five systems in 2014, namely, National Taiwan University being ranked first, National Tsing Hua University second, National Cheng Kung University third, and National Chiao Tung University fourth. Although these rankings may neither be fully objective and just in nature, nor representative of what missions or tasks Taiwan universities should accomplish, these rankings provide a reference for the relative places around the world, in which these Taiwan universities have established.

Keywords Academic Ranking of World UniversitiesNational Taiwan University RankingQS World University RankingsTimes Higher Education World University RankingsU.S. News Best Global Universities Rankings
fulltext 全文下載 (512)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.06

我國首次圖書館法九條修正條款之評價

序號 3
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 廖又生
作者任職單位 亞東技術學院醫務管理系教授
摘要

圖書館法係各種圖書館發展的依據,本篇論文旨在瞭解我國圖書館法第一次九條修正條款之結構及功能等諸多面向問題,並針對我國新修正後圖書館法規定評價其優劣功能,進而提出適切之建議,使之運作更為融通無礙。

關鍵字 呈繳制度圖書館法正面功能行政強制非消耗物品
頁碼 50-62
全文 全文下載 (710)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.03
Review
Title The Evaluation of the First Amendment Ninth Clause of the R.O.C Library Act
Author Yu Sheng Liao
Author's title Professor, Department of Hospital and Care Administration, Oriental Institute of Technology
Abstract

Library act is the principal basis of development of all types of libraries. The main purpose of this article is to understand the structures and functions of the first amendment ninth clause of the Taiwan library act and then to evaluate the amendment of this clause. Finally, this paper will offer suggestions to help revised the new clause in library act.

Keywords Administrative Enforcementdurable goodseufunctionsLegal depositLibrary Act
fulltext 全文下載 (710)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.03

網站資訊架構之使用者經驗研究:以臺師大科普閱讀網建置與使用性測試為例

序號 4
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 呂智惠,謝建成,黃琬姿,黃毓絜
作者任職單位 國立臺灣師範大學公館校區圖書分館主任,國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所博士候選人;國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所教授;國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所研究生;國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所研究生
摘要

網路資訊時代,大量的資訊與資源皆透過網路傳播與擷取,影響範圍無遠弗屆。透過網路傳遞科學知識與資訊,逐漸成為一種新的推廣科學普及與科學教育的方式。國立臺灣師範大學圖書館規劃建置一個科普閱讀網站介紹推廣科普好書、促進科學知識與新知的傳播,以形塑科普閱讀風氣;另一方面,亦希冀可藉此提供科學閱讀方法與教學資源,協助各級學校教師推動科學普及與科普閱讀,以提升學生整體科學素養,將科普閱讀習慣深植。本研究主要以科普閱讀網使用者為中心,分五個階段進行研究:第一階段是透過網站內容分析法收集17 個華文科普相關網站,進行網站架構及標籤項目的分析整理;第二階段進行使用者需求訪談;第三階段實施卡片分類法實驗以瞭解使用者對科普閱讀網站組織架構內容及標籤認知與命名方式;第四階段進行使用者經驗訪談;第五階段進行使用性測試,以了解科普閱讀網的使用者經驗,發掘其使用目標、動機、偏好與特性等,瞭解在實際使用科普閱讀網的使用者行為及面臨使用性之問題。透過本研究獲致以下結論:(一)透過卡片分類法與群集分析方式整理歸納使用者對網站內容組織分類與標籤命名意見,發展一廣度9 類、深度2 層的科普閱讀網站架構;(二)瞭解使用者利用科普閱讀網站之使用目標、動機及其使用偏好;(三)瞭解科普閱讀網站之使用性問題,包括組織分類、標籤命名、搜尋系統、以及介面或操作設計等問題,最後提出相應解決的兩項建議,以作為科普閱讀網後續經營維護之參考。

關鍵字 使用性使用者經驗卡片分類科普閱讀資訊架構
頁碼 63-87
全文 全文下載 (620)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.04
Review
Title A User Experience Study of Pop Science Web Information Architecture of National Taiwan Normal University
Author Chih-Hwei Lu, Jiann-Cherng Shieh, Wan-Zih Huang, Yu-Chieh Huang
Author's title Chief, Gong-Guan Campus Branch Library, Doctoral Candidate, Graduate Institute of Library & Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University; Professor, Graduate Institute of Library & Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University; Graduate Student, Graduate Institute of Library & Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University; Graduate Student, Graduate Institute of Library & Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract

Nowadays, a lot of information and resources are spread and retrieved through the Internet. The impact of internet is wide. It gradually becomes a new way to promote the popularization of science and science education through the internet. National Taiwan Normal University Library has built a popular science reading website to introduce popular scientific books and promote the dissemination of scientific knowledge and new knowledge. In addition, this website also intends to provide scientific reading methods for science teachers at all levels to enhance students' scientific literacy and cultivate the science reading habits in daily life. Divided into five stages, this study focuses on the users of popular science reading website. In the first stage, we collected seventeen Chinese popular science reading websites to analyze the architectures and the labels of the websites. In the second stage, we interviewed the users to understand their demands. In the third stage, we used the card sorting method to understand whether the users were aware of the architecture of the websites and the significance of the naming of the labels. We interviewed the users regarding the users’ experiences in the fourth stage. In the fifth stage,we conducted the Usability Test to understand users’ experiences, purposes, motivations, preferences, and characteristics in order to know users’ behaviors and the problems they encounter. This study has several conclusions. First, we concluded users’ opinions towards the architecture and labels of the website through card sorting method and cluster analysis. Then we developed a website of nine-category and 2-level architecture. Second, we got to know users’ purposes, motivations, and preferences in using the popular science website. Third, we understood the usability problems regarding organizations, label-naming, search functions, and the interface of operative designs. Finally, this study proposes two suggestions to solve the problems to maintain the popular science reading website in the future.

Keywords card sortinginformation architecturepopular science readingusabilityuser experience
fulltext 全文下載 (620)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.04

從研究方法角度探討研究前沿

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 張嘉彬
作者任職單位 國家發展委員會檔案管理局應用服務組科長
摘要

研究前沿是一專業領域處於最前鋒的研究,掌握研究前沿之發展,可瞭解目前專業領域的研究焦點及未來發展趨勢,對於規劃國家發展藍圖及制定科技發展政策而言,亦是相當重要的參考資訊。由於國內圖書資訊學界對於研究前沿較為陌生,相關研究也尚未相當普遍,因此,本文主要目的即在針對該概念進行概略性之介紹,包含研究前沿的意義與相關概念、尋找研究前沿之依據、研究前沿相關指標、研究前沿相關實證研究等。最後,則針對研究前沿探究,提出相關建議。

關鍵字 共被引書目耦合研究前沿研究熱點研究趨勢
頁碼 88-112
全文 全文下載 (617)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.05
Review
Title The Preliminary Study of Research Fronts from the Perspective of Research Methods
Author Chia-Pin Chang
Author's title Section Chief, Services Division, National Archives Administration, National Development Council
Abstract

Research fronts represent areas of cutting-edge study in specific fields. They not only provide insights into current focuses and future trends, but also serve as important indicators for government policymaking with regard to technology. Since the concept concerning research fronts has not been quite common in library and information science in Taiwan, this study intends to briefly introduce this concept, hoping that people can have more in-depth understanding about research fronts. This paper is divided into five parts. The first part is research fronts’ meaning and its related concept. The second explores the basis to detect the research fronts. The third concerns research fronts’ related indicator. The fourth studies the empirical research related to the research fronts, with focus on using the research methods of bibliographic coupling, co-citation, and various citation analysis. Finally, this study proposes some recommendations for the future research.

Keywords Bibliographic couplingco-citationresearch frontsresearch hotspotsresearch trends
fulltext 全文下載 (617)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.05

電影對遭遇分手事件者之情緒療癒效用探析:以不同性傾向的大學生為例

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 陳書梅,葉瑋妮
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系教授;行政院文化部文化交流司專員
摘要

遭遇情緒困擾問題者,可透過觀賞適當電影,引發個人自我療癒的本能,從而平復其原有之負面情緒,此即所謂的「電影療法」。研究者曾以失戀大學生為研究對象,進行電影對其之情緒療癒研究,並已將部分研究結果發表為文。而在該研究中,有2 位受訪者選擇觀看與自身性傾向不同之電影素材,並產生情緒療癒效用,此與過往文獻中,強調電影宜與當事者個人背景或生活經驗相似之療癒素材選擇原則不一致。爰此,研究者乃再檢視前述2 位受訪者之訪談資料,藉以進一步深入探究不同於個人性傾向的電影素材,為何仍能對當事者產生情緒療癒效用。訪談結果顯示,無論電影係以同性戀情或異性戀情作為劇情主軸,受訪大學生均更加重視電影的情節與內容是否易使個人經歷認同、淨化、領悟之心理歷程。準此,對較能接受不同於個人性傾向之素材者而言,在選擇情緒療癒電影素材時,素材中角色的性傾向,並非影響當事者獲致情緒療癒效用的主要因素。

關鍵字 分手大學生情緒療癒發展性書目療法電影療法
頁碼 26-49
全文 全文下載 (561)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.02
Review
Title Emotional Healing Efficacy of Movies for Undergraduates Suffering Breakups: From the Perspective of Sexual Orientation
Author Chen Su-may Sheih, Wei-Ni Yeh
Author's title Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, National Taiwan University; Executive Officer, Department of Cultural Exchange, Ministry of Culture
Abstract

Undergraduate suffering from a breakup could soothe negative emotions and empower themselves by watching appropriate movies. This is an adaption of the so-called “movie therapy”. The researchers deployed semi-structured interviews to understand the emotional healing efficacy of movies for Taiwanese undergraduates with breakup problems, and part of the results of this research has been published. While former literatures had suggested the analogy between audience and characters of emotional healing materials, two interviewees of this past study had alternatively chosen movies contrast to their own sexual orientation and still underwent the experience of emotional healing. Thus, the researchers further discuss how and why the two movies help the interviewees with their emotional disturbance problems. The results reveal that, whether the setting and plot could personally induce identification, catharsis and insight from the plot and content of movies is more crucial for the interviewees. The fact that a movie focused on homo- or heterosexual relationship is less relevant. Based on the research result, as long as a movie possesses traits beneficial to emotional healing, it might remain a proper emotional healing material even the background setting is different from an audience’s personal experience.

Keywords breakupcinematherapydevelopmental bibliotherapyemotional healingmovie therapyundergraduate
fulltext 全文下載 (561)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.02

以DOI 及FRBR 探索數位物件之關聯性

序號 1
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 張慧銖
作者任職單位 國立中興大學圖書資訊學研究所教授
摘要

本研究擬透過 DOI 連結相同物件的不同版本,再輔以著者辨識碼,以連結相同作者的不同作品,另透過 FRBR 的階層關係,以具體呈現數位物件間的關聯性。研究所稱數位物件包括電子書、電子學位論文與電子會議論文集。研究成果期能做為圖書館建立電子資源書目家族的參考,並且對於未來如何利用網路上已建置之DOI 資源進行資訊組織,提供參考模式。

關鍵字 國際標準名稱辨識碼數位物件辨識碼書目紀錄功能需求書目關係開放型研究者及投稿者辨識碼
頁碼 1-25
全文 全文下載 (889)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.01
Review
Title Exploration of Digital Object Correlations via DOI Identifiers and the FRBR Model
Author Huei-Chu Chang
Author's title Professor, Graduate Institute of Library and Information Science, National Chung Hsing University
Abstract

This study attempts to link the same object to its different versions through DOI, supplemented by linking different works by the same author via an author identifier, and to render specific correlation between digital objects through hierarchical FRBR relationships. The digital objects include electronic books, electronic dissertations, and electronic proceedings. The results of this study may assist libraries to establish bibliographic families within electronic resource collections and provide a reference model for using DOI resources installed on the World Wide Web to implement information organization in the future.

Keywords bibliographic relationshipDOIFRBRISNIORCID
fulltext 全文下載 (889)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.01
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