Bibliographic coupling

從研究方法角度探討研究前沿

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2016
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.20 No.1
作者 張嘉彬
作者任職單位 國家發展委員會檔案管理局應用服務組科長
摘要

研究前沿是一專業領域處於最前鋒的研究,掌握研究前沿之發展,可瞭解目前專業領域的研究焦點及未來發展趨勢,對於規劃國家發展藍圖及制定科技發展政策而言,亦是相當重要的參考資訊。由於國內圖書資訊學界對於研究前沿較為陌生,相關研究也尚未相當普遍,因此,本文主要目的即在針對該概念進行概略性之介紹,包含研究前沿的意義與相關概念、尋找研究前沿之依據、研究前沿相關指標、研究前沿相關實證研究等。最後,則針對研究前沿探究,提出相關建議。

關鍵字 共被引書目耦合研究前沿研究熱點研究趨勢
頁碼 88-112
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DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.05
Review
Title The Preliminary Study of Research Fronts from the Perspective of Research Methods
Author Chia-Pin Chang
Author's title Section Chief, Services Division, National Archives Administration, National Development Council
Abstract

Research fronts represent areas of cutting-edge study in specific fields. They not only provide insights into current focuses and future trends, but also serve as important indicators for government policymaking with regard to technology. Since the concept concerning research fronts has not been quite common in library and information science in Taiwan, this study intends to briefly introduce this concept, hoping that people can have more in-depth understanding about research fronts. This paper is divided into five parts. The first part is research fronts’ meaning and its related concept. The second explores the basis to detect the research fronts. The third concerns research fronts’ related indicator. The fourth studies the empirical research related to the research fronts, with focus on using the research methods of bibliographic coupling, co-citation, and various citation analysis. Finally, this study proposes some recommendations for the future research.

Keywords Bibliographic couplingco-citationresearch frontsresearch hotspotsresearch trends
fulltext 全文下載 (810)
DOI http://doi.org/10.6146/univj.20-1.05

從專利引用網路探討我國資訊電子業公司研發領域之變遷

序號 1
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 黃慕萱;蔣禮芸
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系;國立臺灣大學圖書館閱覽組
摘要

本研究之目的係利用專利引用網路,探討我國資訊電子業研發領域之變遷,以及公司與公司間之關聯性。研究對象計有59家公司,根據檢索結果,59家公司於1992年至2000年間所擁有之美國專利數,總計有5,513篇,共包含引用專利數32,945篇。本研究採用文獻分析法、資料庫檢索及書目耦合分析等研究方法,以三年為一時段,對研究對象之引用專利進行書目耦合分析,再利用集群分析及多維尺度法繪製專利引用網路。研究結果顯示我國半導體業公司之關聯性最強;資訊電子業之子集合最明顯;且公司間之關係逐漸由分散走向集中,產業間之界線已愈來愈模糊,甚至有重疊的現象。

關鍵字 專利分析專利引用網路專利計量學書目耦合
頁碼 2-29
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DOI
Review
Title The Transition of Taiwan's Information and Electronic Companies—An Empirical Study of Patent Citation Map
Author Mu-hsuan Huang; Li-yun Chiang
Author's title Department of Library and Information Science, National Taiwan University; Public Services Department, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the transition of Taiwan's information and electronic companies, and explore the relationship between companies and industries through plotting out patent citation maps. The fifty-nine companies studied in this paper, obtained 5,513 patents from U.S. between 1992 and 2000, and they cited 32,945 patents during these years. The research methods of this study include literature review, database retrieval, and bibliographic coupling. Resear-chers divided the period into three, and used cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling to plot out patent citation maps. The result of this study shows that a higher similarity among companies in semiconductor sector, and the relationship between companies is getting closer. In addition, the distinction between industries grows more and more ambivalent, even overlapping in some cases.

Keywords Bibliographic couplingPatent analysisPatent bibliometricsPatent citation map
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DOI
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