Social Justice


序號 1
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2007
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.11 No.1
作者 Johannes Britz;林素聿
作者任職單位 美國威斯康辛大學密爾瓦基校區資訊研究學院教授暨院長/南非普利多利亞大學資訊科技學院客座教授;美國威斯康辛大學密爾瓦基校區資訊研究學院博士生


關鍵字 智慧財產權社會公平資訊倫理資訊盜用
頁碼 1-20
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Title Intellectual Property Rights - Social Terror or Justified Protection: a Critical Reflection on the Current Trend in Intellectual Property Rights Regimes and Its Implications
Author Johannes Britz; Suyu Lin
Author's title Professor and Dean, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA/ Extra ordinary professor, School of IT, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Ph. D. Student, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA

It is argued that we are living in an new era where the digital environment for the first time allows the creation of an information commons. The information and knowledge can be distributed to the largest number of people at nearly zero cost. However, access to and use of information has become increasingly difficult. This is mainly due to the international trend to commodify information products and services and the accompanied strengthening of intellectual property rights. This leads to the exclusion of people from accessing essential information, thereby denying them a fundamental human right – the right of accessing to information. In this puper shows that the economic argument on justifying intellectual property has become more important than the moral and social factors. This has brought an imbalance in the dual nature of intellectual property systems, favouring the ownership/exclusion argument. It is demonstrated how this shift has impacted on the original creators of information, indigenous peoples and developing countries.

Keywords Information ethicsInformation PiracyIntellectual Property RightsSocial Justice
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