Information freedom

知識自由在國際圖書館界的新近發展與其省思

序號 9
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2000
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.4 No.2
作者 王明玲
作者任職單位 國家圖書館參考組
摘要

本文分為四段,第一段首先記述英國警察扣押圖書館藏書,所引起的圖書檢查問題,接著記述法國極右派政黨控制法國南部四個公共圖書館的典藏政策,所引起的館藏泛政治化問題,並對兩者作一綜合觀察。第二段介紹IFAL於1999年3月所發布的「圖書館與知識自由宣言」(Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom),並闡釋宣言內有關知識自由、資訊自由與表意自由的意義與範圍。第三段介紹ALA與IFLA,兩者皆為圖書館界保衛知識自由之執行機構。第四段為省思,提到我國圖書館界在保衛知識自由方面可作的努力,分成圖書館員在選書者與檢查者之間的角色區分、圖書資訊教育的理念啟蒙與圖書館學會的領導與執行三方面論述。

關鍵字 圖書館與知識自由宣言檢查制度知識自由知識自由辦公室表意自由資訊取用自由與表意自由委員會資訊自由
頁碼 147-166
全文 全文下載 (107)
DOI
Review
Title The Recent Development of Intellectual Freedom in the International Librarianship and Its Implications
Author Ming-ling Wang
Author's title Reference Librarian, National Central Library
Abstract

There are four parts in this article. The first part discusses The Mapplethorpe Event which raised the question of censorship and academic freedom in Britain. In addition, The FN Event in France is discussed, in which political ideology intervened into library collection development. The second part introduces the full contents of “The Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom”. The definitions of intellectual freedom, information freedom and the freedom of expression are explained further. The third part describes the establishment and main duties of ALA and IFLA. Both are executive organizations that safeguard intellectual freedom in the library world. The fourth part suggests three possible approaches for improving the climate of intellectual freedom in the libraries of Taiwan: the distinction between the role of book selectors and supervisors, the importance of educating library school students in the basics of library information, and the leadership and administrative role of the association of librarians.

Keywords censorshipFAIFEInformation freedomIntellectual freedomOIFthe Freedom of expressionThe Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom
fulltext 全文下載 (107)
DOI

政府資訊公開與申請應用網站內容分析:以臺灣與美英兩國政府機關為例

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2011
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.15 No.2
作者 林巧敏
作者任職單位 國立政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所助理教授
摘要

政府機關所建置之網站已成為民眾查詢政府資訊的第一個窗口,有鑑於民眾使用政府機關網站目的在於近用政府資訊,政府資訊公開的內容與功能高度影響民眾對於政府網站的觀感。為瞭解目前政府機關對於因應政府資訊公開與機關檔案申請應用在網站所提供的資訊服務,本文以立意抽樣方式,擇選主管政府資訊公開之法務部,以及與民生相關之內政部為對象,瞭解該機關網站提供之政府資訊內容與呈現方式,並以英美兩國質性相同之機關作為比較分析對象,最終歸納結論與建議,提供我國政府機關改善政府資訊公開網頁服務之參考。

關鍵字 政府網站機關檔案應用網站資訊呈現資訊公開
頁碼 78-98
全文 全文下載 (504)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2011.15-2.05
Review
Title The Analysis of Information Freedom and Access in Government Websites: Case Studies of Taiwan, U.S. and U.K.
Author Chiao-Min Lin
Author's title Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University
Abstract

Government websites have been the first choice for people to retrieve government information. People surf government websites in order to focus on accessing government information. The content and services of information freedom on government websites are deeply influenced by user impression. It is essential to realize the services of freedom of information and official record request on government websites. This paper samples the ways in which Taiwan’s Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Interior processe and publicize information, in comparison with how these are dealt with in the United States and the United Kingdom. In conclusion, the author will advise the civil services in Taiwan on how to improve their websites to which the public can have easier access.

Keywords Government websitesInformation freedomOfficial record accessOfficial websitesWebsite information dissemination
fulltext 全文下載 (504)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2011.15-2.05
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