開放式課程

臺灣開放式課程發展歷程、特色與影響之初探:以交通大學開放式課程為例

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2013
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.17 No.1
作者 李海碩;周 倩
作者任職單位 臺中市立東山高級中學英文科教師;國立交通大學教育研究所教授
摘要

本研究旨在探討臺灣開放式課程之發展歷程與影響。首先經由文獻分析麻省理工學院(MIT)之開放式課程及亞太鄰近國家之開放式課程聯盟;其次探討交通大學開放式課程之起源,臺灣開放式課程聯盟之起源與特色,並將其與亞太鄰國進行比較;最後以交通大學開放式課程為例,經由訪談得知對其教師與校內外使用者之效益,並提出建議。研究結果顯示,全世界之開放式課程皆受到美國麻省理工學院之影響,但發展方式不同,臺灣地區之開放式課程則以影音為特色。在開課之考量上,臺灣聯盟中之各校多考量修課人數、學校特色與教師意願等層面。開放式課程對教師而言,可增進其教學技巧,並能得到校外使用者的回饋;對交通大學校內學生而言,可超越時間的限制,有助於自學、補充、參考。對校 外使用者而言,更突破了地理上的限制,讓網路使用者獲得更多優質的教育資源。

關鍵字 交通大學開放式課程臺灣開放式課程聯盟開放式課程
頁碼 22-42
全文 全文下載 (185)
DOI 10.6146/univj.17-1.02
Review
Title A Preliminary Study on the Development and Impact ofOpenCourseWare in Taiwan: A Case Study of OCW of NationalChiao Tung University
Author Haishuo Lee; Chien Chou
Author's title English Teacher, Taichung Municipal Dongshan Senior High School; Professor, Institute of Education, National Chiao Tung University
Abstract

This study is aimed to explore the development, features, and impact of Taiwan OpenCourseWare (OCW). It first reviewed the origin of MIT OCW and other Asia-Pacific countries’ OCW consortiums, including China, Japan, and Vietnam. Secondly, this study introduced the development of National Chiao Tung University’s (NCTU) OCW, Taiwan OCW Consortium (TOCWC), and compared them with those of Asia- Pacific countries. Finally, this study interviewed teachers and students of NCTU as well as off-campus users about their perceptions and experiences of NCTU’s OCW. The results indicated that Asia Pacific countries’ OCWs were influenced by MIT’s, and the distinct feature of Taiwan’s OCW is that many courses are imbedded with videobased contents. This study also investigated the considerations of OCW publication by individual universities in TOCWC, and found that the audience, university specialties, and willingness of participation from professors are the top considerations. The study further interviewed NCTU OCW’s users and concluded that (1) teachers could improve their teaching skills and were glad to receive feedback from off-campus users; (2) oncampus students perceived OCW to resolve their time problems as a good helper for their learning; (3) off-campus users appreciated the removal of geographical barrier and the access to high-quality free online education resources.

Keywords National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) OCWOpenCourseWare (OCW)Taiwan OpenCourseWare Consortium (TOCWC)
fulltext 全文下載 (185)
DOI 10.6146/univj.17-1.02

通識教育開放式課程數位典藏建置之研究

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2010
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.14 No.2
作者 陳志銘;陳勇汀;林筱芳
作者任職單位 國立政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所副教授;國立政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所研究生;國立政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所專任助理
摘要

我國大學通識教育自民國73年發展迄今,在落實過程中常因缺乏通盤統整之通識教育規劃以及實務交流平台,導致在執行過程中流於閉門造車以及執行方向的失焦。自二次資訊革命之後,全球資訊網(World Wide Web)與資訊傳播科技(Information Communication Technology, ICT)的蓬勃發展,掀起了開放式教育資源運動的發展熱潮。以國際教科文組織為首的「開放式教育資源運動」以及以麻省理工學院為首的「開放式課程計畫」,在短短十年之間已經逐漸影響全世界的教育實踐方向。這一波潮流,不僅改變了教育機構政策面,也代表著人類近年來最大規模的專業知識分享運動。本文的目的,是希望揭櫫「教育部通識教育資源平台建構與永續發展計畫」建置之本土性通識教育開放式課程數位典藏平台—「全國通識網課程資料庫」(http://get.nccu.edu.tw:8080/getcdb/)的發展精神、建置過程及成果,闡明本研究如何整合臺灣通識教育資源以及參考近十年來國際性開放式教育資源平台發展經驗,成功建置具本土特色的通識教育開放式課程資料庫,並對於此一開放式課程平台的永續經營提出未來具體可行的永續經營與發展方向。

關鍵字 數位典藏通識教育開放式教育資源開放式課程
頁碼 83-112
全文 全文下載 (946)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2010.14-2.05
Review
Title A Digital Archival Study on General Education Open Courseware
Author Chih-Ming Chen; Yong-Ting Chen; Hsiao-Fang Lin
Author's title Associate Professor, Gradeuate Insistute of Library, Information and Archival StudiesNational Chengchi University; Graduate Student, Gradeuate Insistute of Library, Information and Archival StudiesNational Chengchi University; Assistant, Gradeuate Insistute of Library, Information and Archival StudiesNational Chengchi University
Abstract

Ministry of Education in Taiwan has appropriated significant new funding for programs building general education database as part of open educational resources (OER) in Taiwan since 2008. This paper gives a brief survey on the development of open courseware and OER based on local and international paradigms and general education pedagogy to build a domestic OER platform. General education has dominated Taiwanese universities for over 50 years; however, educators lack an effective communications-sharing platform among schools, institutions and the government. The rise of the World Wide Web and Information Communication Technology (ICT) offers new opportunities to develop general education pedagogy in Taiwan. In 2002, “National Digital Archives Program” was initiated as the first national cultural digital preservation project; later in 2003, the “National Science and Technology Program for e-Learning” was launched as the next revolution in open knowledge sharing. This paper introduces the process of implementing the Course Database of General Education TW project net, as well as the problems with carrying out this platform. Finally, this paper also proposes several aspects required for sustaining the Course Database of General Education TW project net.

Keywords Digital archiveGeneral educationOpen coursewareOpen educational resource
fulltext 全文下載 (946)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2010.14-2.05
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