洪淑芬

圖書資訊學研究中的科學研究方法:以系統開發研究法為例

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2013
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.17 No.1
作者 洪淑芬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書館編審
摘要

近年來圖書館學與資訊科學有學科領域融合的現象。因為學科領域融合的結果,學科內涵的包容範圍擴大;過去傳統的圖書館學之研究,比較多關於社會科學層面之研究,因此,社會科學的研究方法,已在圖書館學的研究中,成為成熟化的一套研究方法。但是,自從圖書館自動化與資料庫系統建置也成為圖書館學中重要的一環之後,圖書館學的科學層面之研究益形重要,然而相對的研究方法,在圖書館學的研究中,並不及社會科學的研究方法一般成熟。為了幫助圖書館學中的技術科學領域,尋找更能有效解決問題的方法,以提升作業績效與服務上的讀者滿意度,本文乃研究有關科學研究方法的理論,參酌資訊科學領域的學者對於研究方法的見解,以系統開發的研究為例,彙整可行的一套研究方法,而論述科學技術性的作業與系統開發等相關研究,可以採用科學研究的方法。本文除了討論圖書資訊學科學研究法的基本精神與可能的步驟之外,並分析科學研究法的實質效益,希望能為圖書資訊學中的技術科學研究,指出可行的研究途徑,冀期圖書館學的科學研究方法終能發展至成熟之水準,而裨益日益重要的圖書館學之相關科學研究。

關鍵字 圖書資訊學研究科學研究法系統開發研究法
頁碼 107-121
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DOI 10.6146/univj.17-1.06
Review
Title Scientific Research Methodology for Library & InformationScience Research: With Information System DevelopmentMethodology as Example
Author Shu-Fen Hung
Author's title Librarian, Special Collections Division, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

The cross boundary research between library science and information science shows a great advancement in recent years. In the past, discourse of most researchers in library science had their focus on social aspects; therefore, the adopted sociology research methodologies have developed to a sophisticated level. In fact, the cross-disciplinary development has brought changes to library science research paradigm. With the broader scope of current library and information sciences, it would be very useful if we could also develop suitable research methodology for scientific researches. It is believed that suitable research methodology could help solve problems in an effective way so as to ensure good operational performance and user satisfaction. Reviewing some theories of scientific researches and scholars opinions regarding information science research methodologies, the author had information system development research as an example and advocated that researches concerning technical services of library science needed to adopt scientific research methodologies. The author also introduced the positive heuristic research approach and associated aspects that need to be included in the process for scientific researches of information system development and pointed out the possible benefits of a scientific research approach for such researches. It is hoped that this initial discussion could anticipate the development of a set of sophisticated scientific research methodology for library science researchers and be beneficial.

Keywords information system development methodologylibrary and information science researchscientific research methodology
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DOI 10.6146/univj.17-1.06

典藏數位化建構的歷史研究網絡:臺灣大學典藏古碑拓本與《淡新檔案》的參照研究

序號 5
刊名 2
年份 2006
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.10 No.2
作者 洪淑芬;羅雅如
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書館特藏組編審/國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系博士生;國立師範大學歷史系研究所碩士生
摘要

本文運用臺灣大學「臺灣文獻文物典藏數位化計畫」建置的資料庫,就臺灣古拓本與《淡新檔案》中的特定案例,進行相互參照的研究。臺灣大學圖書館典藏豐富,其中的古碑拓本涵蓋行政、建設、宗教、民俗等主題,資料型式為單件;《淡新檔案》為清代北臺灣的淡水廳、臺北府及新竹縣的地方行政及司法文書,資料型式為多份單件構成一個案件。該批此二種不同來源之史料產生時空環境相近,二者為研究上的相輔相成素材。然因拓本資料原件尺寸偏大,不便利用;而《淡新檔案》數量龐大,僅利用複製紙本或微縮資料,亦不易找出特定事件之相關案件。臺灣大學圖書館將此二種資料典藏數位化並建置資料庫之後,透過於資料庫中的搜尋,很容易可以比對出各資料群中關於相同事件之史料,而促成參照利用不同的史料進行研究之可能。本文擇一臺灣古碑拓本的「嚴禁自盡圖賴碑記」之例,透過整理《淡新檔案》中的相關公文案卷,重建當時臺灣地方政府的行政程序,並探討「自盡圖賴」事件背後所反映的社會意義。作者進一步為臺灣古碑拓本與《淡新檔案》等二種清季臺灣文獻,勾勒參照性比對研究的其他可能,將臺灣大學典藏的古碑拓本,逐一對照《淡新檔案》可能相關的類目,載於文末附錄,以供研究者參考。

關鍵字 典藏數位化參照研究拓本主題分析淡新檔案臺灣古碑拓本臺灣研究
頁碼 65-99
全文 全文下載 (39)
DOI
Review
Title The New Historical Research Possibilities from Digitization Projects:A Cross-referencing Research Example of Taiwan Relic Rubbings and Tan-Hsin Archive
Author Shu-fen Hung Lin; Ya-ju Lo
Author's title Executive Officer, Special Collections Department, National Taiwan University Library/ Doctorial Student, Library and Information Science Department, National Taiwan University; M. A. Program Student, Department of History, National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract

This research was conducted by using the database established under the Digital Archives Project on Taiwan Historical Collections of National Taiwan University. The authors took a special case "Forbidden of Suicide in Fraud of Others" which appeared in both the Taiwan University's rubbings collection and the Tan-Hsin Archive as an example, and demonstrated how cross-referencing use of these two collections could help to uncover some historical problems of the Taiwan society and the solutions from the government. The monumental stone rubbings, mostly single autonomous items, depict various aspects such as politics, social development, religion, customs and culture of the early Taiwan society. The Tan-Hsin Archive, on the other hand, is significant in having series of documents concerning a single event happened in the old Taiwan society. As these two collections have similar spatial and geographic coverage, the Tan-Hsin Archive could serve as supplements to the rubbings for doing research on the subjects described in the relic rubbings. However, the rubbings are mostly over-sized documents and not easy to provide for use. The Tan-Hsin Archive contains a tremendous amount of documents, therefore, it is difficult to retrieve documents concerning a definite topic by using microfilms or duplicates of the originals. Now that database of these two collections is available, it is possible to easily retrieve documents concerning the same event from these two collections. As a result, it enables cross-referencing use of these first-hand historical resources. The paper hopes to initiate new research possibilities based on the rubbings and encourage in-dept research from referencing use of Tan-Hsin Archive. In addition, the authors made an approximately corresponding topical map of these two collections from subject analysis, adding it as an appendix of this article for researchers' reference.

Keywords Cross referenceDigitization projectSubject analysisTaiwan relic rubbingsTaiwan studiesTan-Hsin Archive
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DOI

古籍資料的合作館藏維護--日本經驗的借鏡

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2001
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.5 No.2
作者 洪淑芬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書館特藏組
摘要

「合作館藏維護」(cooperative preservation project)在美日等先進國家已行之有年,此種計畫可以幫助典藏有需要加以維護保存的古籍資料之機構,有計畫的循標準規格將資料儲存於另一種媒體,裨益文化資產的保存與資源分享。本文首先闡述「合作館藏維護」的必要性,接著列舉整理善本古籍的工作範疇,簡介中文古籍的典藏概要,回顧海峽兩岸至目前為止有關中文古籍的合作議題,然後透過對日本國文學研究資料館事業的瞭解,提出海峽兩岸合作維護中文古籍之建議。論文中並就如何篩選資料以進行維護工作、資料類型轉換以何種方式進行較為穩當等,提出說明和建議。最後並對「合作館藏維護」之試金石─「國家典藏數位計畫」提出建議,也呼籲圖書館同業積極參與,以及政府大力支持此種計畫。

關鍵字 中文古籍合作館藏維護國家典藏數位化計畫資料保存資料形式轉換資料微縮化資料維護
頁碼 71-88
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DOI
Review
Title Cooperative Preservation Project for Old Rare Books: A Japanese Example
Author Shu-Fen Hung
Author's title Special Collections Department, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

Cooperative preservation projects have been undertaken for years in developed countries such as the United States and Japan. These projects will assist those institutions holding old and precious collections in order to save the image of the collections in a different media, hence those precious materials can be well preserved and shared among libraries. This paper first states the importance of cooperative preservation project, then points out the various tasks needed to preserve old and rare books in Taiwan and Mainland China, finally suggests some important ways in selecting valuable materials to be preserved. A comparison between microfilming and digitization is also provided in this paper.

Keywords Chinese old booksCooperative preservation projectData conversionMicrofilmingNational digital archive projectPreservation and conservation
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DOI

數位化計畫中合作之探討

序號 7
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2005
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.9 No.1
作者 洪淑芬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書館特藏組
摘要

本文的目的主要在分析「合作」對數位化計畫的好處,呼籲國內重視並鼓勵機構與國人能藉助較具數位化經驗的機構,合作協力進行典藏的數位化。本文首先分析合作進行數位化計畫的優點、建立合作關係所需具有的理念,其次介紹國外(以美國為主)基於各種不同目的的合作數位化計畫,以及介紹臺灣進行數位化的現況與成果,並指出個人觀察所見的目前國內數位現況中之問題,最後於結論中邸納國外數位化計畫之特色理念,提供國內參考,並對國內的數位化計畫提出建議,以及呼籲國家應考量五年為期的國家型計畫結束後,如何使用目前各機構計畫永續維護經營的問題,而在政策面有所因應。

關鍵字 Digital archives preservation policy合作協力合作目的國家文化資料庫計畫數位典藏國家型科技計畫數位化成果維護政策heritage數位化計畫
頁碼 100-122
全文 全文下載 (33)
DOI
Review
Title Collaborations in Digitalization Projects
Author Shu-Feng Hung Lin
Author's title Special Collections Department, NTU Library
Abstract

This paper explores the advantages of collaboration in digitization projects, with a call on institutions and individuals for more cooperation in collection digitization with better=experienced institutions. I will start with a discussion over the good points in pursuing digitization project collaboratively, raising basic ideas about how to establish partnership, introduce some cooperative digitization projects underway abroad, mainly in the United States, for various purposes, and then return to take a look at Taiwan’s current situation in this field, sharing my own observations on the problems of the national digitization programs in our country. In my conclusion, I will come up with a summary of the merits of other countries' collaborative digitization projects, together with suggestions for the digitization programs in Taiwan. I end will urging our government to adopt policies that will ensure continuity of the digitization project currently carried on in various institutions after the five-year project expires.

Keywords CollaborationCooperationDigital archives preservation policyDigitization projectNational digital archives programNational repository of cultural heritage
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DOI

RFID技術之應用實務及其與圖書館暨校園e-commerce之建立

序號 4
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 游張松;洪淑芬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系;國立臺灣大學圖書館特藏組
摘要

本文主要內容在探討RFID(Radio Frequency Identification)相關技術應用於圖書館的收費性服務,建立圖書館與大學校園電子商務系統(e-commerce system)、甚至是行動商務系統(m-commerce system)的可行性。為開創先進的教學、研究環境,作者以文獻傳遞服務為例,描繪透過RFID科技的應用,所將促成的服務模式革新與轉型,以及分析圖書館收費性服務模式需考慮轉型的各種客觀壓力因素。此外,作者亦以大學圖書館為例,探討此e化轉型的必要性、推動RFID e-commerce的優勢與機會,並且為主要背後支持者  學校行政體系,提出應有的因應與規劃策略建議,期能作為圖書館與校園推動之參考。

關鍵字 儲值卡圖書館服務小額付款文獻傳遞服務校園電子商務無線射頻技術行動商務電子商務
頁碼 67-87
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DOI
Review
Title RFID Technology Applications and a Discussion of RFID-enablede-commerce for Campus/ Libraries
Author Chang-Sung Yu; Shu-Fen Hung Lin
Author's title Department of Business Administration, National Taiwan University; Special Collections Department, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

This article investigates how RFID technology can enable libraries or campus to establish e-commerce for its fee-based services. Taking Document Delivery Service as an example, the authors describe the differences of service models before and after adoption of RFID enabled e-commerce in library services. By illustrating the competitive pressures, the authors describe why a library needs to initiate service model change in the future. Besides, the authors analyze the anticipated opportunities and the strength of the implementation, and propose strategies and planning recommendations for university libraries' managers and campus decision-making administrators. It is hoped that this article provides useful information to accelerate the development of the RFID enabled e-commerce in libraries and campus.

Keywords Campus e-commerceDocument delivery serviceE-businessE-commerceElectronic commerceLibrary serviceM-commerceMicropaymentMobile commerceRadio frequency identificationRFIDStored-value cardValue-stored card
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DOI
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