Vol.10 No.1

Vol.10 No.1

封面及版權頁

年份: 
2006
卷期: 
Vol.10 No.1

數位時代的學術傳播和館藏發展

序號 8
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 楊美華
作者任職單位 國立政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所
摘要

在網路化和數位化浪潮的推波助瀾之下,學術傳播的模式與數位出版的發展有許多改變,大學圖書館必須同時扮演傳統圖書館與數位圖書館的雙重角色,並且均衡處理實體和虛擬館藏的佈局。因此,如何走出重重困境,創造圖書館的新氣象,考驗著圖書館員的智慧。本文由學術傳播、公開取用、機構典藏等面向對館藏發展的衝擊,探討數位時代館藏發展的新挑戰。最後提出關注學術傳播的變遷、形塑電子館藏管理的新觀點、邁入館藏內容管理的新思維、促進校園知識管理的整合、置身於數位化學術出版的一環、重視資訊取用系統的便利性、培育圖書館員的新技能以及強化圖書資訊學的課程等建議,供同道參考。

關鍵字 公開取用學術傳播學術圖書館機構典藏電子資源館藏發展
頁碼 140-156
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DOI
Review
Title A Study of Transformation of Scholarly Communication and Library Collection Development in an Electronic Age
Author Mei-hwa Yang
Author's title Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chenchi University
Abstract

The changing nature of scholarly communication and electronic publishing greatly challenge the library collection development in an electronic age. As a result Academic libraries need to integrate printed material and virtual collection. This paper aims at tracing the influence and the forces affecting the production, dissemination, and use of scholarly and scientific information. After discussing the movement of Open Access and Institutional Repositovative, creative, and affordable ways of sharing scholarly findings and tries to build common understandings of the challenges presented by electronic scholarly communication and to generate strategies for transforming the collection development.

Keywords academic libraryCollection developmentElectronic resourcesInstitutional repositoryOpen Accessscholarly communication
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圖書館讀者焦慮情緒探析

序號 5
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 陳書梅
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系
摘要

讀者在圖書館環境中之情緒並非全然是平和或愉悅的,而是可能陷於焦慮的情緒中,因而影響其利用圖書館的意願及效能,新時代的圖書館服務不應忽視焦慮情緒對讀者利用圖書館之影響。本文針對圖書館讀者焦慮之意涵、成因、及其對圖書館利用之影響進行探討,並提出圖書館組織紓解讀者焦慮情緒之道。

關鍵字 圖書館焦慮圖書館讀者焦慮讀者研究
頁碼 88-101
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DOI
Review
Title A Study on the Library Reader's Anxiety
Author Chen Su-may Sheih
Author's title Department of Library and Information Science, NTU
Abstract

In library settings, readers are not always in a good mood. They might expe-rience anxiety. Reader's anxiety may cause unwillingness to use library. Library management should not neglect the effect of reader's anxiety on the usage of library. This article presents the meaning, the effect, and the causes of reader's an-xiety. Finally, some suggestions on the ways to alleviate the reader's anxiety are also provided.

Keywords Library anxietyLibrary reader's anxietyReader's study
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From Idea to Reality: Building the HKUST Institutional Repository

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 Catherine S. Y. Kwok; Diana L. H. Chan; Gabrielle K. W
作者任職單位 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library
摘要

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library builds the HKUST Institutional Repository, aiming to preserve and disseminate its institutional scholarly output. This paper describes the background which led to its birth, the growth and development of the project, the challenges involved and strategies adopted to achieve sustainability.

關鍵字 Content recruitmentHong KongInstitutional repositoriesOpen accessSelf-archiving rights
頁碼 102-122
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DOI
Review
Title From Idea to Reality: Building the HKUST Institutional Repository
Author Catherine S. Y. Kwok; Diana L. H. Chan; Gabrielle K. W
Author's title Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library
Abstract

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library builds the HKUST Institutional Repository, aiming to preserve and disseminate its institutional scholarly output. This paper describes the background which led to its birth, the growth and development of the project, the challenges involved and strategies adopted to achieve sustainability.

Keywords Content recruitmentHong KongInstitutional repositoriesOpen AccessSelf-archiving rights
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引進電子資源對學術圖書館組織的影響

序號 7
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 張慧銖
作者任職單位 國立中興大學圖書資訊學研究所
摘要

近年來由於電子出版的興起,使得電子資源對學術圖書館的館藏發展造成極大的挑戰,當圖書館面臨這些新型態的資源時,應該如何加以選擇並將其整合到現有的館藏當中?又該如何提供服務?其中牽涉到採訪、組織整理與相關服務政策的修改,工作流程的變動,人員的配置與教育訓練,以及組織架構的調整。其中又以組織的調整最為重要,因為組織架構可事先將人員與資源做最好的分配與調度,使計畫得以成功並提供協調的機制。本文即在探討學術圖書館引進電子資源之後,對組織所造成的影響,同時舉例說明若干學術圖書館在面臨電子資源的衝擊時,如何調整其組織架構與人員配置,希藉此吸取相關經驗,提供國內學術圖書館參考。

關鍵字 學術圖書館組織重整電子資源
頁碼 123-139
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DOI
Review
Title A Study of Impact on Organizational Structure of Acquiring Electronic Resources to the Academic Library
Author Huei-chu Chang
Author's title Graduate Institute of Library and Information Science, National Chung Hsing University
Abstract

With the increase of electronic publications, electronic re- sources make a tremendous challenge to the collection development of academic libraries. How do libraries select these resources and incorporate them into the existing collection while offering services with such a brand-new type of resource? Things involved here include the amendment of acquisitions, information organizations and related service policies, the modification of work flow, the arrangement and training of personnel as well as the adjustment of the organizational structure. The adjustment of organizational structure is the most important item among these changes. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible impact on library organization after the introduction of electronic resources to academic libraries. Experiences gathered from certain libraries on how they reorganized the administration structure had been provided as examples.

Keywords academic librariesElectronic resourcesOrganizational structureReengineeringReorganization
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從專利引用網路探討我國資訊電子業公司研發領域之變遷

序號 1
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 黃慕萱;蔣禮芸
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系;國立臺灣大學圖書館閱覽組
摘要

本研究之目的係利用專利引用網路,探討我國資訊電子業研發領域之變遷,以及公司與公司間之關聯性。研究對象計有59家公司,根據檢索結果,59家公司於1992年至2000年間所擁有之美國專利數,總計有5,513篇,共包含引用專利數32,945篇。本研究採用文獻分析法、資料庫檢索及書目耦合分析等研究方法,以三年為一時段,對研究對象之引用專利進行書目耦合分析,再利用集群分析及多維尺度法繪製專利引用網路。研究結果顯示我國半導體業公司之關聯性最強;資訊電子業之子集合最明顯;且公司間之關係逐漸由分散走向集中,產業間之界線已愈來愈模糊,甚至有重疊的現象。

關鍵字 專利分析專利引用網路專利計量學書目耦合
頁碼 2-29
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DOI
Review
Title The Transition of Taiwan's Information and Electronic Companies—An Empirical Study of Patent Citation Map
Author Mu-hsuan Huang; Li-yun Chiang
Author's title Department of Library and Information Science, National Taiwan University; Public Services Department, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the transition of Taiwan's information and electronic companies, and explore the relationship between companies and industries through plotting out patent citation maps. The fifty-nine companies studied in this paper, obtained 5,513 patents from U.S. between 1992 and 2000, and they cited 32,945 patents during these years. The research methods of this study include literature review, database retrieval, and bibliographic coupling. Resear-chers divided the period into three, and used cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling to plot out patent citation maps. The result of this study shows that a higher similarity among companies in semiconductor sector, and the relationship between companies is getting closer. In addition, the distinction between industries grows more and more ambivalent, even overlapping in some cases.

Keywords Bibliographic couplingPatent analysisPatent bibliometricsPatent citation map
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大學圖書館組織創新之研究

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 張嘉彬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系
摘要

不創新即死亡,是目前許多企業管理者的共識,也說明創新對於組織之重要性。本文擬以大學圖書館為對象,闡述組織創新如何運用於大學圖書館。首先,介紹組織創新之意義及內涵,其次,探討大學圖書館組織創新之因、內涵、需考量之因素、面臨的障礙及其成功之道。最後,作者認為,創新已成為圖書館時勢所趨之潮流,而大學圖書館若欲在未來學術傳播中繼續扮演重要角色,就需善用資訊科技及運用館內同仁創造力從事創新,以提供更好的使用者服務。

關鍵字 創新圖書館管理大學圖書館組織創新
頁碼 30-51
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Review
Title A Study of Organizational Innovation in the University Library
Author Chia-bin Chang
Author's title Department of Library and Information Science, NTU
Abstract

This article briefly discusses orginazational innovation used in the university library. Firstly, it introduces the meaning and content of organizational innovation. Then, it explores the reason, the content, the factor, the obstacle, and the success of organizational innovation implemented in the university library. Finally, it gives the conclusion and some provides personal suggestions for future research of this subject.

Keywords InnovationLibrary managementOrganizational innovationUniversity library
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檔案專業倫理準則內容之探討

序號 3
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 林巧敏
作者任職單位 國家圖書館編目組
摘要

專業倫理是某一專業行為的規範,也是社會大眾對該專業信賴的憑藉,本文首先釐清倫理與道德的分野,說明專業倫理的意義,並介紹專業倫理準則的一般形式與檔案專業倫理關注的內容重點,進而比較分析美國、加拿大、澳洲及國際檔案理事會所訂定之檔案專業倫理準則的內容,最終擬具結論與建議,提供我國建立檔案專業倫理準則的參考。

關鍵字 專業倫理檔案人員檔案倫理準則
頁碼 52-66
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Review
Title A Study of the Archival Ethics Codes
Author Chiao-Min Lin
Author's title Cataloging Division, National Central Library
Abstract

Professional ethics is a guidance to evaluate the behavior of a profession and can serve to strengthen the trust that exists between client and profession. This paper explains the difference between morality and ethics. The general format and content of archival ethics codes are introduced. The United States, Canada, Australia and the International Council on Archives are taken as examples to explain the content of archival ethics codes. As a result, the conclusion and suggestions are described as a reference for Taiwan.

Keywords Archival ethics codesArchivistProfessional ethics
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RFID技術之應用實務及其與圖書館暨校園e-commerce之建立

序號 4
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2006
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.10 No.1
作者 游張松;洪淑芬
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系;國立臺灣大學圖書館特藏組
摘要

本文主要內容在探討RFID(Radio Frequency Identification)相關技術應用於圖書館的收費性服務,建立圖書館與大學校園電子商務系統(e-commerce system)、甚至是行動商務系統(m-commerce system)的可行性。為開創先進的教學、研究環境,作者以文獻傳遞服務為例,描繪透過RFID科技的應用,所將促成的服務模式革新與轉型,以及分析圖書館收費性服務模式需考慮轉型的各種客觀壓力因素。此外,作者亦以大學圖書館為例,探討此e化轉型的必要性、推動RFID e-commerce的優勢與機會,並且為主要背後支持者  學校行政體系,提出應有的因應與規劃策略建議,期能作為圖書館與校園推動之參考。

關鍵字 儲值卡圖書館服務小額付款文獻傳遞服務校園電子商務無線射頻技術行動商務電子商務
頁碼 67-87
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DOI
Review
Title RFID Technology Applications and a Discussion of RFID-enablede-commerce for Campus/ Libraries
Author Chang-Sung Yu; Shu-Fen Hung Lin
Author's title Department of Business Administration, National Taiwan University; Special Collections Department, National Taiwan University Library
Abstract

This article investigates how RFID technology can enable libraries or campus to establish e-commerce for its fee-based services. Taking Document Delivery Service as an example, the authors describe the differences of service models before and after adoption of RFID enabled e-commerce in library services. By illustrating the competitive pressures, the authors describe why a library needs to initiate service model change in the future. Besides, the authors analyze the anticipated opportunities and the strength of the implementation, and propose strategies and planning recommendations for university libraries' managers and campus decision-making administrators. It is hoped that this article provides useful information to accelerate the development of the RFID enabled e-commerce in libraries and campus.

Keywords Campus e-commerceDocument delivery serviceE-businessE-commerceElectronic commerceLibrary serviceM-commerceMicropaymentMobile commerceRadio frequency identificationRFIDStored-value cardValue-stored card
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