資訊需求

新北市平溪區銀髮族居民資訊需求與資訊行為特性

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2014
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.18 No.1
作者 傅彥儒;邱銘心
作者任職單位 國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所研究生;國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所助理教授
摘要

新北市平溪區被稱為全台灣最老的社區,本研究透過參與式觀察及深入訪談,欲瞭解該地方銀髮族生活情況、資訊需求、和資訊行為特性,期望藉以強化社區銀髮族資訊獲取的機會。研究分析後發現:長者的生活和資訊需求高度簡化,且醫療保健資訊的取得最需改善。他們除了關心個人的需求外,也關心社區內公共議題。資訊傳遞的管道則是以口語傳播最為盛行,也最重要。長者的資訊行為中,生理功能的退化和環境限制是最主要的障礙。

關鍵字 資訊尋求行為資訊需求銀髮族
頁碼 106-125
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DOI doi.org/10.6146/univj.18-1.06
Review
Title Information Needs & Information Seeking Behaviors of ElderlyResidents in Pinxi District, New Taipei City
Author Yen-Ru Fu; Ming-Hsin Chiu
Author's title Graduate Student, Graduate Institute of Library and Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University; Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Library and Information Studies, National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract

Pinxi District, New Taipei City, is called “the most elderly community in Taiwan”. This research investigates the life style, information needs, and information seeking behaviors of the elderly in Pinxi District by using participant observation and in-depth interview as research methods, in hopes of invastigating how to strengthen the capability of the elderly dwellers in Pinxi District in acquiring information. The result shows that: the lifestyle of the elderly simplifies their information needs, and the ways of their acquisition of health information needs to be improved urgently. In addition to personal information needs, they also have needs to access public issues in their community. Oral communication is the most important channel to transfer information. Physiological degeneration and environment limitation are the main barriers for the elderly to acquire information.

Keywords Information needsInformation seeking behaviorthe elderly
fulltext 全文下載 (133)
DOI doi.org/10.6146/univj.18-1.06

大學圖書館館員於職場之資訊尋求行為研究

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2014
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.18 No.1
作者 張郁蔚;呂淑慧
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系助理教授;輔仁大學圖書資訊學研究所研究生
摘要

圖書館重視資訊的蒐集、傳布與利用,並以解決讀者資訊問題為主要工作任務,而身為資訊服務提供者之圖書館館員面對工作上之資訊問題時,其如何尋求資訊來解決問題是本研究之探討動機。依據16 位大學圖書館館員之訪談結果,發現大學圖書館館員之資訊需求種類與其工作任務密切相關。基於圖書資訊學課程之專業訓練,館員並無明顯之資訊尋求障礙。館員會透過多種管道取得資訊,但偏好自人際網絡尋求協助及使用網路資源蒐集資訊,而不同的工作任務及資訊尋求之緊急程度會影響館員之資訊管道使用。

關鍵字 大學圖書館館員資訊尋求行為資訊需求
頁碼 14-32
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DOI doi.org/10.6146/univj.18-1.02
Review
Title A Study of Information Seeking Behavior of University Librariansin the Workplace
Author Yu-Wei Chang; Shu-Hui Lu
Author's title Assistant Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, National Taiwan University; Graduate student, Department of Library and Information Science, Fu Jen Catholic University
Abstract

The main missions of libraries are to gather and disseminate information and to assist users in solving information problems. To investigate the methods of seeking information used by librarians in dealing with their daily tasks in workplace, this study uses in-depth interviews to investigate the information needs and information-seeking behavior of 16 academic librarians in universities. The results show that the categories of the librarians’ information needs are highly associated with the requirements of their tasks. University librarians have no difficulty in finding information because of their Library and Information Science majors. Although librarians use numerous information sources to obtain information, they particularly rely on interpersonal network and the Internet. The type of tasks and the extent of emergency of an information need also affect information sources used by librarians.

Keywords Information needsInformation seeking behavioruniversity librarians
fulltext 全文下載 (313)
DOI doi.org/10.6146/univj.18-1.02

從使用者觀點探討古文書及檔案之使用: 以平埔研究人員為例

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 1999
出版月份 7月
卷期 Vol.3 No.3
作者 林珊如;李郁雅
作者任職單位 國立台灣大學圖書資訊學系副教授;國立台灣大學圖書資訊學系碩士班三年級
摘要

隨著全球網際網路的發展與成長,國內許多文化機構紛紛計畫在網路上提供中文的資訊內容,政府方面也正朝向鼓勵發展數位博物館或電子圖書館的建置計畫。最早在台大發展的數位圖書館與博物館計畫「平埔探源」,其最終目的是要將台大圖書館中稀有的館藏與人類學系的獨特藏品加以數位化,以創造更有利的學術研究環境。對一個想要支援學術研究群體的數位圖書館,這些學者或研究人員將如何使用這類數位圖書館,特別是如何與獨特的資訊內容互動,是一個十分重要的議題。本文為筆者於臺灣地區從事台灣史料使用者資訊搜尋與使用研究之部份結果,針對古文書與檔案,探討平埔研究人員於真實的日常工作情境中的運用情形,並探討此一研究結果在資訊組織與檢索上的應用。

關鍵字 使用者研究數位圖書館自然探究法詮釋資料資訊搜尋與使用行為資訊需求
頁碼 65-80
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DOI
Review
Title Exploring Information Use of Historical Records and Archives: From the User’s Point of View.
Author Shan-ju Lin Chang; Yu-ya Lee
Author's title Associate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science; Graduate Student Department of Library and Information Science
Abstract

As a part of the national effort towards developing digital libraries, the NTU DL/M project has the initial goal of digitizing the scare historical records of Taiwan collected in the National Taiwan University Library, and some special collections from the Department of Anthropology, such as maps, photos, and articles of ethnic Taiwanese groups. These collections are raw materials valuable to the research community. But how those scholars or researchers make use of such a DL, especially how they interact with the information provided, is an important issue that has not been addressed. This paper reports the study of Taiwan research scholars, their tasks, activities and interactions with various resources. The results reveal why and how those scholars apply the tacit knowledge to their activities in order to acccomplish their tasks and in their use of resources such as historical records. Implications for system design and information organization are also discussed.

Keywords Digital LibrariesInformation needsInformation seekingInformation useMetadataNaturalistic inquiryUser studies
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DOI

護理人員資訊尋求行為研究

序號 6
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2000
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.4 No.2
作者 葉慶玲
作者任職單位 國立陽明大學圖書館採購編目組
摘要

在醫療照護過程中,護理人員扮演著「資訊管理者」的角色,不只提供訊息予病患或病患家屬,更提供有關病患的資訊給健康小組的成員,作為健康照護決策的依據。隨著醫學的發達、科技的進步及人類對健康態度的改變,使護理人員必須不斷地參與研究、汲取專業知識,以改善護理工作品質,可見資訊對護理人員的重要性。本研究目的在針對護理人員進行問卷調查,以探求護理人員獨特的資訊需求與資訊尋求模式,並能和繼續教育的資源相配合;其次,瞭解護理人員處理資訊問題的技巧及常利用的資源,圖書館始能提供更符合需求、更有效的資訊服務。

關鍵字 讀者研究資訊尋求行為資訊需求
頁碼 93-114
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DOI
Review
Title The Information Seeking Behaviors of Nurses
Author Ching-ling Yeh
Author's title Department of Technical Services, National Yang-Ming University Library
Abstract

Nurses play a role as information managers in health care delivery. They provide information for medical decision-making to patients and their families, and to the members of health care teams. Information is important to nurses. Along with advances in medicine developments in technology, and changes in attitudes towards health, nurses must continue to participate in research programs, and obtain more professional knowledge to improve the quality of their work.
Through questionnaires, this research examines the information needs and information-seeking behaviors of nurses. Second, the skills needed for information processing and the resources most commonly used by the nurses are also discussed. Therefore, libraries can provide more useful and more efficient information services to nurses.

Keywords Information needsInformation seeking behaviorsUser's study
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DOI

藝術教師資訊行為之研究︰以國立藝術學院為例

序號 7
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2000
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.4 No.2
作者 林玲君
作者任職單位 國立藝術學院圖書館
摘要

近年來,圖書資訊學界暢議「使用者指向」的理念,並且咸認為是重要的議題,希望推行到實務運作上。然而,一個落實以使用者為中心的圖書資訊服務與系統設計,對於服務對象的情境與問題不能陌生或妄自臆測,必須根據植於對使用者之資訊需求與行為習性的瞭解。本文旨在從使用者的角度,以國立藝術學院為例,探討藝術教師之資訊行為。主要的目的是以情境的觀點,探討其從事藝術相關之工作任務、目標、情境特徵、接觸資訊資源種類和管道,以及工作任務、目標與資訊行為之關係,期有系統地瞭解藝術教師的資訊需求與行為特性,並探討此一研究結果在圖書資訊服務與系統設計上的應用。

關鍵字 使用者研究資訊行為資訊需求
頁碼 115-131
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DOI
Review
Title Information Behavior of Art Teachers: The Case of the National Institute of the Arts
Author Ling-chun Lin
Author's title National Institute of the Arts Library
Abstract

This article examines the information behavior of art teachers from the user’s point of view, using the case of the National Institute of the Arts as an example. This study analyzes their tasks, goals, availability of information, activities and interaction with various resources as well as the correspondence between these subjects, aiming to understand the information needs and the characteristic behavior of art teachers. Implications of this study for information service and system design are also discussed.

Keywords Information behaviorInformation needsUser studies
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DOI

資訊需求者與計畫檢索者問題分類之比較研究

序號 2
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2003
出版月份 9月
卷期 Vol.7 No.2
作者 黃慕萱
作者任職單位 國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系
摘要

本研究之目的在分析資訊需求者與計畫檢索者對於相同檢索問題在分類上的差異。本研究由10位資訊需求者提出檢索問題並進行檢索,再由31位計畫檢索者針對此10個問題進行59次檢索。本文主要在比較此10位資訊需求者與31位計畫檢索者對同一檢索問題在分類上的差異,並探討此差異對檢索行為所造成之影響。本研究對檢索問題分類上的差異係從檢索問題之複雜性、專指性、前提假定三構面進行分析。本研究發現,相較於資訊需求者,計畫檢索者認為同一檢索問題所認知的複雜性較高,專指性亦較高,並傾於直接將前提假定用來進行檢索。

關鍵字 問題資訊檢索資訊需求
頁碼 16-36
全文 全文下載 (4892)
DOI
Review
Title A Comparison of Question Classifications between End-users and Project Searchers
Author Mu-hsuan Huang
Author's title Department of Library and Information Science, NTU
Abstract

The project is designed to analyze the difference of question classifications between two groups of people: the end-users who have real information needs and the prohect searchers. Ten end-users address their search questions and proceed to do the search, while 31-project searchers conduct 59 times of searching on the ten questions posed by the end-users. The main purpose of this paper is to compare the classification differences of the search questions in terms of their complexity, specificity, and presupposition. The result of this study reveals that the project searchers not only perceive the questions in a more complex and specific way but also tend to proceed the search directly by using presuppositions of questions.

Keywords Information needInformation retrievalQuestion
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DOI

餐旅管理領域學生的資訊尋求行為探討

序號 8
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2004
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.8 No.1
作者 李惠萍;蘇諼
作者任職單位 中央研究院臺灣史研究所籌備處圖書館約聘助理;輔仁大學圖書資訊學系
摘要

近年來,國內外經濟環境急據變化,觀光事業的拓展帶來了餐旅業的蓬勃發展,造成餐旅業界人力需求大量增加,國內餐旅管理相關科系亦紛紛成立。餐旅管理學是一個橫跨飲學、旅館學、食品營養學、管理學、觀光學等學科的學門,國內外文獻均少見餐旅管理學系學生的資訊需求相關研究。圖書館是以讀者為導向的機構,不論圖書館的類型為何,其最高服務目標在於滿足讀者的資訊需求。因此,研究者以焦點團體訪談和問卷調查的方式,探討輔仁大學餐旅管理學系學生之資訊需求與資訊尋求行為,研究結果的討論期望提供圖書館參考,為這個領域的師生帶來更為完善的圖書資訊服務。

關鍵字 hotel and institutional management studentrestaurant資訊尋求行為資訊需求餐旅教育餐旅管理學系學生hospitality education
頁碼 147-166
全文 全文下載 (49)
DOI
Review
Title The study of Information Seeking Behavior among Students in Restaurant, Hotel, and Institutional Management
Author Hui-ping Lee; Shiuan Su
Author's title Assistant, Library of Institute of Taiwan History Preparatory Office, Academic Sinica; Department of Library & Information Science, Fu Jen Catholic University
Abstract

In recent years, hospitality and tourism education has been prosperously developed in Taiwan. The number of students in Restaurant, Hotel and Institutional Management Department have increased over the years. However, their information needs and information seeking patterns have been ignored in the library and information science literature. In order to explore their interdisciplinary information needs, focus group interviews and questionnaire survey were utilized in 2003 in order to find out information seeking behavior of Restaurant, Hotel and Institutional Management Department Students at Fu-Jen Catholic University, and the results from the study are provided for improving the quality of library and information services to students and faculty in the hospitality education field.

Keywords hospitality educationhotel and institutional management studentInformation needsInformation seeking behaviorrestaurant
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DOI

客家文化研究生之資訊尋求行為:資訊視域之觀點

序號 8
刊名 大學圖書館
年份 2011
出版月份 3月
卷期 Vol.15 No.1
作者 陳川淼;黃元鶴
作者任職單位 輔仁大學圖書資訊學系研究生;輔仁大學圖書資訊學系副教授
摘要

本研究旨在探討客家文化研究生之資訊尋求行為,研究對象為三校客家學院的學生。以深度訪談進行資料蒐集,並利用資訊視域之概念,邀請受訪者繪製個人資訊尋求過程,以瞭解客家文化研究生在學業情境中,資訊尋求的情形、資源的偏好以及影響資訊尋求的因素等。 本研究結果顯示,資訊尋求來自多種管道,首選資源超過一種。個人資訊視域會因不同狀況或人際因素產生改變,推薦型及聚焦型資源扮演資訊獲取之重要角色,個人對資訊認知會影響其資訊選擇與使用。

關鍵字 客家研究生資訊尋求行為資訊視域資訊需求
頁碼 144-170
全文 全文下載 (704)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2011.15-1.08
Review
Title The Information Seeking Behavior of Graduate Students for Hakka Studies: A Perspective on Information Horizons
Author Chuan-Miao Chen;Yuan-Ho Huang
Author's title Graduate Student, Department of Library and Information Science, Fu Jen Catholic University;Associate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Fu Jen Catholic University
Abstract

This study aims to explore the information seeking behaviors of graduate students for Hakka Studies. The research targets are graduate students from three Colleges of Hakka Studies. Depth interviews were employed in the research. This study applied the concept of information horizon. Therefore, the interviewees were requested to draw a map of their information horizon in research context in order to collect data about their information needs, their preferences for these resources and those factors which affect their information seeking behavior. The research result indicated that the search for information is carried out through various channels. There is more than one type of firstchoice resource. An individual’s information horizons might change due to different situations and interpersonal relationships. Recommendation or focus type resources play an important role in seeking information. Individuals with different information cognition might affect their information selection and use.

Keywords Graduate studentsHakkaInformation horizonsInformation needInformation seeking behavior
fulltext 全文下載 (704)
DOI 10.6146/univj.2011.15-1.08
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